Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Butea monosperma (Lamk.) Taub.
Trade Name  Flames of the forest
Local Name  Plas, Chamatha
Family  Papilionaceae
Tree Size  Medium
Tree Height ( m )  12 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  40 -
Tree Distribution  Southern dry mixed deciduous forests and laterite thorn forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Creamy white to pale yellowish-brown
Heartwood Colour  Creamy white to pale yellowish-brown
Hardness  Soft to moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Light
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  515 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Straight to somewhat interlocked
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Very large to very small
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly solitary or in radial multiples of 2 or 3
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Broad to very broad, widely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  257.8
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  31400
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  364.3
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  43000
Uses  Water scoops and well curbs; low quality furniture

College of Forestry - KAU