Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston
Trade Name  Maharukh
Local Name  Perumaram, Matti
Family  Simaroubaceae
Tree Size  Large
Tree Height ( m )  25 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  80 -
Tree Distribution  Sparse in West coast semi-evergreen and Southern moist mixed deciduous forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish-white
Heartwood Colour  Yellowish-white
Hardness  Soft
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Light
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  400 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Straight
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Very large to large
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary or in radial multiples of 2, 3 or more
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Broad rays widely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Packing cases; match splints and boxes; Slate frames; toys; Class III veneers; core cross bands and face veneers for blackboards

College of Forestry - KAU