Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Aegle marmelos (Linn.)
Trade Name  Bael
Local Name  Koovalam
Family  Rutaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  8 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  30 -
Tree Distribution  Occasional in Southern dry mixed deciduous forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish white to yellowish-brown
Heartwood Colour  Yellowish white to yellowish-brown
Hardness  Hard to very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Heavy to very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  895 -
Texture  Fine
Grain  Straight to curly
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to very small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary or in radial multiples of 2, 3 or more, often in clusters
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine, Fairly close spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  674.7
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  88100
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  742.2
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  100200
Uses  Temporary construction; agricultural implements; carvings; tool handles; charcoal

College of Forestry - KAU