Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Wight & Arn.
Trade Name  Mundani
Local Name  Narivenga, Kurangadi
Family  Caesalpinia
Tree Size  Large to very large
Tree Height ( m )  30 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  95 -
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen forest and West coast semi evergreen forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish to greyish white
Heartwood Colour  Light pinkish or reddish -brown
Hardness  Soft to moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  690 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Straight to slightly interlocked
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium to small
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly solitary or in radial multiples or in clusters
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine, widely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  806.8
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  126000
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1119.8
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  154500
Uses  Mostly for poles and fence posts; building construction; tool handles; heavy packing cases; crates; tea chests; Class I general purpose plywood; flush door shutters; blackboards; core and face veneers; lorry and bus bodies

College of Forestry - KAU