Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Vitex altissima Linn.f.
Trade Name  Milla
Local Name  Mila, Mylellu
Family  Verbenaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  15 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  100 -
Tree Distribution  West coast semi evergreen, moist teak bearing and west coast tropical evergreen forest, occasionsally in west coast secondary evergreen dipterocarp forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Indistinct
Sapwood Colour  Light olive-grey to grey with tinge of olive brown
Heartwood Colour  Light olive-grey to grey with tinge of olive brown
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  815 -
Texture  Medium to coarse
Grain  Straight to interlocked or wavy
Growth Rings  Fairly distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium to small
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly solitary or in radial multiples of 2-4 or in clusters
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  909
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  130100
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1169
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  149400
Uses  Building constructions, tool handles; railway sleepers; furniture

College of Forestry - KAU