Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Bridelia retusa (L.)Spreng.
Trade Name  Kasi
Local Name  Mulluvenga,Kaini
Family  Euphorbiaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  8 - 18
Tree Diameter ( cm )  65
Tree Distribution  Throughout India up to an altitude of 1,000m,except in very dry regions.Also in deciduous forests and Sal forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Greyish white
Heartwood Colour  Olive brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.4
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  584
Texture  Fine to medium textured
Grain  Shallowly or deeply interlocked grain
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and in radial multiples of two to three,rarely in long radial multiples of more than four
Vessel Diameter   120 - 200 170
Vessel Element Lenght  340 - 540 540
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Polygonal or rounded
Pit Size  Small to medium (5-8 Ám),non-vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  With much reduced border and pits polygonal or rounded
Ray Nature  Medium to broad, widely spaced and few in number
Ray Arrangement/Type  2-3 seriate,heterogeneous type-2 with 2-4 rows of square cells forming the tail.Uniseriate rays made up wholly of upright cells
Ray Number  5 - 7
Ray Height  600 - 1690 1070
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled,septate; minute simple pits confined to the radial walls
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  580
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  94200
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  759
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  108300
Uses  Rafters, posts and floorboards in buildings, agricultural implements, packing cases, temporary construction, light furniture, toys, carts & carriages and tool handles.
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)

College of Forestry - KAU