Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.
Trade Name  Bahera
Local Name  Thanni
Family  Combretaceae
Tree Size  Large
Tree Height ( m )  20 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  130 -
Tree Distribution  West coast semi-evergreen, West coast tropical evergreen, Moist teak bearing and Southern moist mixed deciduous forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Indistinct
Sapwood Colour  Creamy-yellow or Yellowish-brown
Heartwood Colour  Creamy-yellow or Yellowish-brown
Hardness  Moderately hard to hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  625 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Straight
Growth Rings  Farly distinct
Porosity  diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Large to medium
Vessel Arrangement  Few to moderately few, solitary or in radial multiples of 2 or 3, rarely more
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine, close spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  678.5
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  101900
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  995.5
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  122800
Uses  Temporary construction-work; general purpose Class II plywood; blackboards; heavy packing cases and boxes

College of Forestry - KAU