Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Mimusops elengi Linn.
Trade Name  Bullet wood
Local Name  Elengi
Family  Sapotaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  15 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  65 -
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale reddish-brown
Heartwood Colour  Dark reddish-brown
Hardness  Very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  1070 -
Texture  Fine
Grain  Fairly straight to irregular or shallowly interlocked
Growth Rings  Fairly distinct
Porosity  diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Very small
Vessel Arrangement  moderately few to moderately numerous, occasionally solitary mostly in radial multiples of 2 - 10 in single or double rows
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine, Fairly close spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  864
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  129900
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1178
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  137800
Uses  Building and bridge construction; boat building; furniture and cabinets; agricultural implements; musical instruments; tool handles; turnery and carvings

College of Forestry - KAU