Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Holoptelia integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch
Trade Name  Indian elm, Kanju
Local Name  Aval
Family  Ulmaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  15 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  80 -
Tree Distribution  west coast semi-evergreen forests and occasionally in Moist teak bearing forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Indistinct
Sapwood Colour  Light yellow to yellowish grey
Heartwood Colour  Light yellow to yellowish grey
Hardness  moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  595 -
Texture  Medium
Grain  somewhat interlocked
Growth Rings  Scarcely distinct
Porosity  diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium to small sized
Vessel Arrangement  Few to moderately numerous, mostly solitary or in radial multiples of 2 or 3 or rarely more
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  closely placed
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  598
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  74600
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  719
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  91500
Uses  General construction; bobbins and cotton reels in textile mills general purpose Class I plywood; tea chests; decorative plywood; furniture and cabinets; blackboards; tool handles; agricultural implements; bentwood articles and toys

College of Forestry - KAU