Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Heritiera papilio Bedd.
Trade Name  Sundri
Local Name  Chokla-maram
Family  Sterculiaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  7 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  30 -
Tree Distribution  west coast tropical evergreen forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale pinkish- brown
Heartwood Colour  Reddish-brown with purple streaks
Hardness  Hard to very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Heavy to very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  830 -
Texture  Medium
Grain  Straight to somewhat interlocked or irregular
Growth Rings  Scarcely distinct
Porosity  diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium to small sized
Vessel Arrangement  Few to moderately few, mostly solitary or in radial multiples of 2 or 3 or more
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Temporary construction-work; poles and posts; musical instruments; mathematic engineering and drawing instruments; agricultural implements

College of Forestry - KAU