Timbers of Kerala

[ Logout ]

Back Prior Record Next Record

Scientific Name  Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsd.
Trade Name  Haldu
Local Name  Manja-kadambu
Family  Rubiaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  15 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  110 -
Tree Distribution  Southern moist mixed deciduous, Moist teak bearing and west coast semi-evergreen forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish-white
Heartwood Colour  Yellow or yellowish brown
Hardness  moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  695 -
Texture  fine
Grain  Fairly straight to somewhat interlocked or irregular
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to very small
Vessel Arrangement  moderately numerous, mostly solitary or in short radial multiples of 2 or 3
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  657
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  735
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  101600
Uses  Class I plywood; tea chests; furniture and cabinets; tool handles;blackboards; bobins; cricket stumps and bails; musical instruments; mathematical, enginering and drawing instruments; brushwares; bentwood articles and toys; shoe-lasts; battery separators

College of Forestry - KAU