Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Gmelina arborea Roxb
Trade Name  Gamari
Local Name  Kumbil
Family  Verbenaceae
Tree Size  Medium
Tree Height ( m )  15 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  40 -
Tree Distribution  Sporadic in Southern moist mixed deciduous, Moist teak bearing and Southern dry mixed deciduous forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Indistinct
Sapwood Colour 
Heartwood Colour 
Hardness  Soft to moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Light to moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content 
Texture  Medium to coarse textured
Grain  Straight to wavy
Growth Rings  Scarcely distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous to semi ring porous
Vessel Size  Large to medium
Vessel Arrangement  Few to moderately numerous, mostly solitary and in short radial multiples of 2 or 3
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Broad, widely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  492
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  70200
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  543
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  77400
Uses  Building construction;shipbuilding; Class I plywood for general purposes ; furniture and cabinets; tool handles; textile mill accessories; cooperage; artificial limb and rehabilitation aids; carrom draughts; tennis and badminton rackets; brushware; musical instruments; shoe-laces; pencil slates

College of Forestry - KAU