Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Diospyros ebenum Koenig
Trade Name  Ebony
Local Name  Karimaram
Family  Ebanaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  20 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  40 -
Tree Distribution  Sporadic in west coast semi-evergreen forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  light yellowish-grey to grey
Heartwood Colour  jet black
Hardness  very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  1150 -
Texture  fine
Grain  Straight to somewhat irregularly wavy
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  diffuse porous
Vessel Size  small
Vessel Arrangement  Few to moderately few, solitary or in radial multiples of 2 or 3
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  very fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Cutlery handles; dobby lags and pegs in textile mills; mathematical, engineering and drawing instruments; walking sticks; swagger sticks; handicrafts and carvings

College of Forestry - KAU