Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Cocos nucifera Linn
Trade Name  Coconut palm
Local Name  Thengu
Family  Palmae
Tree Size  Tall
Tree Height ( m )  20
Tree Diameter ( cm )  25
Tree Distribution  Cultivated extensively
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  red towards periphery and reddish brown towards centre
Heartwood Colour  red towards periphery and reddish brown towards centre
Hardness  very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  761 - 946
Texture  medium to fine
Grain  Interlocked
Growth Rings 
Vessel Size  large
Vessel Arrangement 
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature 
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  460
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  73400
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  666
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  93800
Uses  Rafters, poles, posts and other constructional items; tool handles; walking sticks;wooden bowls and vases; fancy wotk and curio items; saw dust can be used in the manufacture of cement based building bricks; decorative furniture
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View

College of Forestry - KAU