Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Anacardium occidentale
Trade Name  Cashew wood
Local Name  Kashu-mavu, parangi-mavu
Family  Anacardiaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  8 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  50 -
Tree Distribution  Native of Southern America; extensively cultivated
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Indistinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale grey to brownish-grey
Heartwood Colour  Pale grey to brownish-grey
Hardness  Soft
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Light
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  425 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Straight to interlocked grain
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  medium to small
Vessel Arrangement  few to moderately few, solitary, or in radialmultiples of 2- 4
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  tool handles; agricultural implements; railway sleepers, clubs, gymnastic rings, jumping and vaulting stands; carts and carriages; picker arms in textile mills; cross arms and ballies; excellent charcoal.

College of Forestry - KAU