Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Acacia ferruginea DC
Trade Name 
Local Name  Parambai, Karivelam
Family  Mimosaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  9 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  40 -
Tree Distribution  Occasional in Southern dry mixed deciduous forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction 
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish-white
Heartwood Colour  Purplish brown to dark reddish brown
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Heavy to moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  995 -
Texture  coarse textured
Grain  Straight to interlocked grain
Growth Rings  Fairly distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Large to medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and in radial multiples of two, three or more, occasionally in clusters
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine, widely spaced.
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  1149.9
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  122800
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1538.5
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  145000
Uses  Posts; beams for buliding constructions; agricultural implements; knees of boats; brake blocks, buffers and railway keys.

College of Forestry - KAU