Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Shorea sp.
Trade Name  Meranti-White
Local Name  Melapi(Sabah), Malaysian pongu,Malaysian sal
Family  Dipterocarpaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  60
Tree Diameter ( cm )  100 - 150
Tree Distribution  Malay, Sarawak and Indonesia
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour 
Heartwood Colour  White or pale white
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.8
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  1185
Texture  Moderately coarse texture.
Grain  Interlocked grain.
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Solitary and in radial multiples of two to three, small to medium-sized; distinct only with the hand
Vessel Arrangement  Vessels solitary and rarely in radial multiples of two to three with circular vessel outline
Vessel Diameter   200 - 350 260
Vessel Element Lenght  400 - 800 800
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Polygonal
Pit Size  Medium( 6-10 Ám),vestured.
Vessel Ray Pitting  Alternate and pit outline polygonal
Ray Nature  Fine not visible under the hand lens, numerous and closely spaced.
Ray Arrangement/Type  One to four seriate, heterogeneous type- II, multiseriate rays with two or three marginal rows of square cells and uniseriate rays made up of square cells
Ray Number  2 - 5
Ray Height  650 - 1090 785
Fibre Walls  Thick walled and non-septate
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  1249
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  152.8
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  20.3
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  13.7
Uses  Used in construction and furniture works. Also used for making veneers and plywood.
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU