Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Osyris lanceolata Hochst.&Steud.ex A.DC.
Trade Name  African sandal
Local Name  Tanzanian sandal
Family  Santalaceae
Tree Size  Small
Tree Height ( m )  1 - 7
Tree Diameter ( cm )  60 - 70
Tree Distribution  Mainly in African countries
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Reddish white
Heartwood Colour  Reddish brown in colour.
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.77
Weight  Heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content 
Texture  Fine texture
Grain  Straight to slightly wavy grain.
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Mostly solitary, very small not clearly visible with hand lens
Vessel Arrangement  Vessels solitary
Vessel Diameter   60 - 90 80
Vessel Element Lenght  160 - 300 300
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Rounded
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting  Alternate with rounded pits and with much reduced border
Ray Nature  Very fine, closely spaced not clearly visible with the hand lens.
Ray Arrangement/Type  One to three cells wide, heterogeneous; body of ray cell made up of procumbent cells with one or two marginal rows of square cells. Uniseriate rays wholly made up of square cells
Ray Number  5 - 9
Ray Height  150 - 310 220
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled with minute pits on both radial and tangential walls.
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Used for the extraction of essential oil and for carving. The wood is now widely used as an adulterant to Indian sandalwood (Santalum album Linn).
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)

College of Forestry - KAU