Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Ocotea rodiaei (Schomb) Mez.
Trade Name  Greenheart
Local Name  Greenheart
Family  Lauraceae
Tree Size  Large to very large
Tree Height ( m )  21 - 40
Tree Diameter ( cm )  100
Tree Distribution  Guyana and parts of Surinam
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale yellow or greenish, clearly distinguishable from light to dark olive green
Heartwood Colour  Light to dark olive green
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.8
Weight  Heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content 
Texture  Fine to medium coarse texture.
Grain  Straight to interlocked grained
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Vessels solitary, medium-sized
Vessel Arrangement  Vessels solitary
Vessel Diameter   140 - 250 200
Vessel Element Lenght  300 - 900 900
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Polygonal
Pit Size  Small to medium (5 to 8 Ám),non-vestured.
Vessel Ray Pitting  Alternate and pit outline polygonal
Ray Nature  Fine, medium-sized and closely spaced.
Ray Arrangement/Type  One to four seriate, heterogeneous type-II. Uniseriate rays composed of square cells, multiseriate rays with tails composed of two to four square cells.
Ray Number  2 - 4
Ray Height  700 - 1200 880
Fibre Walls  Thick walled, non-septate with simple to minutely bordered pits on the radial walls.
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  A very heavy, hard timber outstanding in its performance of resistance against marine borers. As sawn timber, it is used for making piles decking, hand rails, factory floorings and in engineering industry as bearers for engines. Also used in chemical plants for vats and filler press plates and frames, wharf & jetty decking & other docks, joinery & interior fittings.
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TS (100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU