Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Fagus sp.
Trade Name  Beechwood
Local Name  Beech
Family  Fagaceae
Tree Size  Large to very large
Tree Height ( m )  40
Tree Diameter ( cm ) 
Tree Distribution  Mainly in European countries
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale white to yellowish white
Heartwood Colour 
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.37
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content 
Texture  Coarse textured
Grain  Straight grain
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Vessels mostly solitary, small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and in radial multiples and clusters of three to five; filled with deposits. Vessel outline angular to circular.
Vessel Diameter   60 - 100 80
Vessel Element Lenght  100 - 245 245
Perforation  Simple in the earlywood parts; scalariform in the
Pit Outline 
Pit Size  Small to large(5-10 Ám), non-vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Scalariform to opposite.and inter- vessel pitting with much reduced border
Ray Nature  Two types; broad rays prominent to the naked eye and widely seperated, fine rays numerous and closely spaced; visible only with hand lens.
Ray Arrangement/Type  One to three seriate;multiseriate rays more than 15 cell wide rays homogeneous wholly made up of procumbent cells
Ray Number  4 - 6
Ray Height  245 - 670 420
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled, with distinct bordered pits on tangential and radial walls
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Mainly for furniture making and construction purposes
  • Tree Image
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU