Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Chloroxylon swietenia DC.
Trade Name  Satin wood
Local Name  Vari-maram
Family  Rutaceae
Tree Size  Medium
Tree Height ( m )  15 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  50 -
Tree Distribution  Southern dry mixed deciduous forest in Central Kerala
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Creamy yellow to golden yellow with satin lusture
Heartwood Colour  Creamy yellow to golden yellow with satin lusture
Hardness  Hard to very Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Heavy to very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  960 -
Texture  Fine
Grain  Straight to interlocked
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to very small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary or in radial multiples of 2-6 or more
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  865.5
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  115400
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1272.3
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  151900
Uses  Bridge and building construction; ploughs; axles; cabinets and furniture; turnery; interior decorative work; mathematical instruments

College of Forestry - KAU