Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland.ex Correa
Trade Name  Bhendi
Local Name  Poovarasu, Cheelanthi
Family  Malvaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  6 - 15
Tree Diameter ( cm )  20 - 40
Tree Distribution  In coastal areas and sometimes grown in villages
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale white or pale brown
Heartwood Colour  Reddish brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.98
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  770
Texture  Fine to medium coarse textured
Grain  Straight grain
Growth Rings  Absent
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and in radial multiples of two to three
Vessel Diameter   100 - 220 160
Vessel Element Lenght  280 - 450 450
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Oval to elliptical
Pit Size  Medium(6-8 Ám),vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Alternate and pit outline oval to elliptical
Ray Nature  Fine to medium sized,numerous and widely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  Four to six cell per strand.Three to five seriate. Heterogeneous type lll, body of ray made up of procumbent cells with one or two marginal rows of square cells.Uniseriate rays wholly made up of square or upright cells.
Ray Number  10 - 15
Ray Height  460 - 870 600
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled, non-septate with minute bordered pits on the radial and tangential walls
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  945.2
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  103600
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1204.8
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  119200
Uses  Furniture, tools handles, boat and ship building, mathematical, engineering and drawing instruments, carts and carriages, wooden footwear, musical instruments, agricultural implements, fuel wood, beams & rafters, wells & wheels, spokes and hafts.
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU