Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Tamarindus indica L.
Trade Name  Imli
Local Name  Puli
Family  Leguminosae
Tree Size  Large to very large
Tree Height ( m )  30
Tree Diameter ( cm )  150
Tree Distribution  Native to Africa.Widely cultivated in different parts of Kerala
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish white to greyish brown
Heartwood Colour  Dark purplish-brown
Hardness  Hard to very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.74
Weight  Heavy to very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  913
Texture  Medium coarse textured
Grain  Straight to interlocked and wavy grain
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to very small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and radial multiples of two to four
Vessel Diameter   100 - 190 140
Vessel Element Lenght  330 - 540 540
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Oval
Pit Size  Medium to large(6-12 Ám),vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Opposite to alternate and pit outline oval
Ray Nature  Fine, numerous and closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  Mostly uniseriate.Biseriate rays also present,homogeneous, wholly made up of procumbent cells.
Ray Number  8 - 14
Ray Height  290 - 490 370
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled,non-septate
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  571.7
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  56300
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1040.4
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  96500
Uses  Internal fittings in buildings, oil and sugar mill accessories, turnery and carvings, wooden mallets, naves of cart wheels, charcoal, agricultural implements, fuel wood, beams & rafters, constructional purposes and planking.
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  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)

College of Forestry - KAU