Timbers of Kerala

[ Logout ]

Back Prior Record Next Record


Scientific Name  Strychnos nux-vomica L.
Trade Name  Strychnine tree or Snake wood
Local Name  Kanjiram
Family  Loganiaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  15 - 20
Tree Diameter ( cm )  70
Tree Distribution  Southern moist mixed deciduous, moist teak bearing and Southern dry mixed deciduous forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish with greyish marks and with numerous white strands of interxylary phloem
Heartwood Colour 
Hardness  Hard to moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.75
Weight  Heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  880
Texture  Medium coarse textured
Grain  Straight to shallowly interlocked grain
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium sized to small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary, in straight or oblique rows of two to six or tangential clusters of four to six
Vessel Diameter   110 - 170 140
Vessel Element Lenght  320 - 470 470
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Polygonal
Pit Size  Small ( 4-7 Ám),non-vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Alternate and polygonal
Ray Nature  Medium sized to broad,moderately numerous and widely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  Four to eight cell wide homogeneous, wholly made up of procumbent cells.
Ray Number  12 - 14
Ray Height  410 - 1600 920
Fibre Walls  Thick walled,non-septate; simple pits on radial walls
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Axe handles and hammer shafts, cart wheels, legs of cots, agricultural implements, boards & panels and medicines
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU