Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Palaquium ellipticum(Dalz.)Engl.
Trade Name  Pali
Local Name  Pali
Family  Sapotaceae
Tree Size  Large
Tree Height ( m )  30
Tree Diameter ( cm )  110
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen forest,Southern hill-top tropical evergreen forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale pink
Heartwood Colour  Reddish brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.53
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  606
Texture  Medium coarse textured
Grain  Straight to somewhat wavy grain
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium to small sized
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and in radial multiples of two to four, occasionally in clusters
Vessel Diameter   175 - 330 270
Vessel Element Lenght  420 - 685 685
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Oval with distinct border
Pit Size  Medium to large(7-11 Ám),vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Simple, larger and rounded with much reduced border
Ray Nature  Fine,numerous and closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  Two to three seriate with heterogeneous type lll. Body of uniseriate rays wholly made up of square cells and multiseriate rays with procumbent cells and marginal rows of square cells
Ray Number  12 - 17
Ray Height  360 - 730 500
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled,non-septate; simple pits on radial walls
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  697
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  118600
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1080
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  141500
Uses  Railway sleepers, furniture, tool handles, general constructional works and plywood making, window & door frames, low quality furniture, bentwood articles, joinery & interior fittings, masts, planking and mine props
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU