Timbers of Kerala

[ Logout ]

Back Prior Record Next Record

Scientific Name  Mesua ferrea L.
Trade Name  Mesua
Local Name  Nanku,Churuli,Vayanavu
Family  Clusiaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  18 - 30
Tree Diameter ( cm )  80
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen forest,Southern hill-top tropical evergreen forest and West coast semi-evergreen forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Indistinct
Sapwood Colour  Greyish white or pinkishwhite
Heartwood Colour  Brick red with darker streaks
Hardness  Very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.8
Weight  Very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  1090
Texture  Fine textured
Grain  Straight to interlocked grain
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to moderately large
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary,arranged obliquely or in radial groups
Vessel Diameter   120 - 320 290
Vessel Element Lenght  560 - 1240 1240
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting  Much reduced border
Ray Nature  Fine,numerous and closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  One to two seriate.Heterogeneous type-I. Body of ray made up of procumbent cells with one or two rows of square cells on the margin.
Ray Number  8 - 10
Ray Height  360 - 600 465
Fibre Walls  Thick walled,non-septate with minute simple pits on radial walls.
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  1214
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  172900
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1735
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  207900
Uses  Railway sleepers, boat and ship building , tool handles, rehabilitation aids, carts and carriages, furniture and cabinets, agricultural implements, bridge and building construction, fuel wood, beams & rafters, boats & ship building, wells & wheels and mine props
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)

College of Forestry - KAU