Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Mangifera indica L.
Trade Name  Mango
Local Name  Mavu,Moochi
Family  Anacardiaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  15 - 30
Tree Diameter ( cm )  50 - 100
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen and West coast semi-evergreen forests,cultivated extensively
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish white to greyish brown,somewhat lustrous
Heartwood Colour  No distinction between sapwood and heartwood,but sometimes heartwood distinct and dark brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.54
Weight  Light to moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  690
Texture  Medium to coarse textured
Grain  Straight to somewhat interlocked grain
Growth Rings  Fairly distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and in radial multiples of two to three
Vessel Diameter   200 - 330 240
Vessel Element Lenght  380 - 470 470
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Polygonal
Pit Size  Large(11-18 Ám),vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Much reduced border to simple pits rounded to oval in shape
Ray Nature  Moderately broad,numerous and closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  One to three seriate.Heterogeneous type II with procumbent cells in the body of ray and 2 -4 rows of square cells on the margin.Uniseriate rays made up exclusively of square cells
Ray Number  6 - 9
Ray Height  310 - 860 500
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled,non-septate with simple pits on radial walls.Rhomboidal crystals present in fibers
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  612
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  91200
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  904
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  111800
Uses  General-purpose plywood, furniture and cabinets, tool handles buildings, agricultural implements, bentwood articles, ceiling boards, window frames, boat and ship building, agricultural implements, boards & panels, brushware and oars
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU