Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Mallotus philippensis(Lamk.)M.-A.
Trade Name  Kamala dye tree
Local Name  Chenkolli,Kurangumanjal,Noorimaram, Sindhooram
Family  Euphorbiaceae
Tree Size  Small
Tree Height ( m )  10
Tree Diameter ( cm )  30
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen, west coast semi-evergreen forest and moist teak bearing forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Ligh brownish grey or light greyish red,fairly lustrous
Heartwood Colour  No distinction between sap wood and heart wood
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.57
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  770
Texture  Medium coarse textured
Grain  Straight grained
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and in radial multiples of two to three rarely in clusters of 3-4
Vessel Diameter   90 - 130 110
Vessel Element Lenght  320 - 570 570
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Round or ovel
Pit Size  Medium to large(9-12 Ám),non-vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Rounded with much reduced border to simple found throughout the ray cell
Ray Nature  Fine,numerous and closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  1-4 seriate,heterogenous type-I. Multiseriate rays with long tail . Body of ray made up of procumbent cells with two or more than four marginal row of square or upright cells.Uniseriate rays made wholly of square cells or upright cells
Ray Number  10 - 15
Ray Height  330 - 840 510
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled,non-septate. Numerous minutely bordered pits on radial walls
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  542
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  75100
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  822
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  89700
Uses  Small turnery articles, pen holders, piling, fuel wood, beams & rafters, match splints & boxes, sport goods, window & door frames, bentwood articles, dyes, pulp making and bobbins
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  • TS (100X)
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College of Forestry - KAU