Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Melia dubia Cav.
Trade Name  Malabar neem
Local Name  Kattu-veppu, Malaveppu
Family  Meliaceae
Tree Size  Large
Tree Height ( m )  25 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  80 -
Tree Distribution  Southern moist mixed deciduous and moist teak bearing forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction 
Sapwood Colour  grey or pinkish-white with yellow Cast
Heartwood Colour  Light red
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  450 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Straight
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Semi-ring-porous to diffuse-porous
Vessel Size  Large to medium
Vessel Arrangement  Small in late wood, few, solitary or in radial pairs, transition from early to late wood gradual
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  moderately broard
Ray Arrangement/Type  Widely spaced, ray flecks distinct on radial surface
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Plywood, light packing cases and boxes; match splints and boxes

College of Forestry - KAU