Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Madhuca neriifolia (Moon) H.J.Lam
Trade Name 
Local Name  Atta-illuppa
Family  Sapotaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  10 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  30 -
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen and West coast semi-evergreen forest mostly along the river banks
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction 
Sapwood Colour  Light brown
Heartwood Colour  Brownish red with dark coloured patches
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  670 -
Texture  Medium to coarse
Grain  Straight to interlocked
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Large to medium
Vessel Arrangement  Rarely solitary; mostly in radial or slightly oblique multiples of 6-8
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine
Ray Arrangement/Type  Closely spaced
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Construction work; Boat building; vats

College of Forestry - KAU