Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Litsea chinensis Lamk.
Trade Name 
Local Name  Kalla-karuna
Family  Lauraceae
Tree Size  Medium
Tree Height ( m )  10 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  30 -
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen and west coast semi-evergreen forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction 
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish-grey or olive-grey to olive brown or greyish brown
Heartwood Colour 
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  690 -
Texture  Medium to coarse
Grain  Fairly straight to somewhat wavy
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium to small
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly in radial multiples of 2 or 3 , rarely 6 and occasionally solitary
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Moderately broad to fine
Ray Arrangement/Type  fairly close spaced
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Agricultural impliments; locally for building constructions; low quality furniture

College of Forestry - KAU