Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr.
Trade Name  Jhingam
Local Name  Kalash, Uthi
Family  Anacardiaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  12 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  40 -
Tree Distribution  Moist teak bearing and Southern secondary moist mixed deciduous forests; occasionally in laterite thorn forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish-grey
Heartwood Colour  Reddish-brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  560 -
Texture  Medium
Grain  Straight to interlocked
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium to small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary or in radial multiples of 2 or 3
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine, fairly close spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  426.3
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  56300
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  663.3
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  71600
Uses  Class I general purpose plywood; block boards; carvings and turnery; furniture; light packing cases; cooperage

College of Forestry - KAU