Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Hydnocarpus alpina Wight
Trade Name 
Local Name  Mala-marotti, Kattu-marotti
Family  Flacourtiaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  8 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  50 -
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen and West coast semi-evergreen forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish-grey to pale brown
Heartwood Colour  Yellowish-grey to pale brown
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content 
Texture  Fine
Grain  Straight to curly
Growth Rings  Scarcely distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Very small
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly in radial multiples of 2-4
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Picture frames and carvings; packing cases and boxes

College of Forestry - KAU