Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Filicium decipiensis Thw.
Trade Name 
Local Name  Niroli
Family  Sapindaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  18 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  90 -
Tree Distribution  Sporadic in West coast tropical evergreen and West coast semi-evergreen forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Greyish-white with a pale pink tinge
Heartwood Colour  Greyish-white with a pale pink tinge
Hardness  Very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  830 -
Texture  Fine
Grain  Straight
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Usually small
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly in radial multiples of 2 - 4 occassionally solitary
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Very fine, rather closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Beams and posts for construction; tool handles; agricultural implements; low quality furniture; cart and carriages

College of Forestry - KAU