Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb.
Trade Name  Bastard sandal
Local Name  Vella-devadharam
Family  Erythroxylaceae
Tree Size  Small
Tree Height ( m )  8 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  15 -
Tree Distribution  Southern dry mixed deciduous and laterite thorn forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Creamy white or pale-brown
Heartwood Colour  Reddish-brown
Hardness  Very hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Heavy to very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  1000 -
Texture  Fine to very fine
Grain  Interlocked
Growth Rings  Scarcely distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to very small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary or in radial multiples of 2 or 3
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Posts and poles; agricultural implements; turnery articles. Oil extracted from wood is used in preserving country boats

College of Forestry - KAU