Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Emblica officinalis Gaertn.
Trade Name  Amla
Local Name  Nelli
Family  Euphorbiaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  8 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  30 -
Tree Distribution  Southern moist mixed deciduous, Southern dry mixed deciduous and Moist teak bearing forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Reddish often with purplish tinge
Heartwood Colour  Reddish often with purplish tinge
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  785 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Irregularly interlocked to wavy
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium to small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary or in radial multiples of 2 or 3, often in clusters
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Moderately broad to broad, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Minor construction work; well curbs

College of Forestry - KAU