Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Dysoxylum ficiforme (Wight) Gamble
Trade Name 
Local Name  Karagil
Family  Meliaceae
Tree Size  Large
Tree Height ( m )  30 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  100 -
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen forest mostly confined to South Kerala
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  greyish - yellow
Heartwood Colour  Pink or reddish grey
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy to heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  730 -
Texture  Medium to fine
Grain  Straight to broadly interlocked
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to very small
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary or in radial multiples of 2-4
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Furniture; turnery and carvings; cigar boxes

College of Forestry - KAU