Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.
Trade Name  Rosewood
Local Name  Veeti,Eeti,Kariveeti
Family  Leguminosae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  15 - 30
Tree Diameter ( cm )  130
Tree Distribution  Secondary moist mixed deciduous and semi-evergreen forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Scarcely distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale yellowish white with pinkish tinge
Heartwood Colour  Purplish brown with darker streaks
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.66
Weight  Heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  753
Texture  Medium coarse textured
Grain  Straight to shallowly interlocked grain
Growth Rings  Indistinct to fairly distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  solitary and in radial multiples of two to four
Vessel Diameter   125 - 210 170
Vessel Element Lenght  210 - 335 335
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Polygonal to oval
Pit Size  Large(9-15 Ám),vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Alternate and pit outline polygonal to oval occurs throughout the ray cell
Ray Nature  Fine to very fine,numerous and closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  1-3 cell wide;homogeneous to nearly heterogenous type 3. Wholly made up of procumbent cells or having a single marginal row of square cells
Ray Number  8 - 11
Ray Height  170 - 315 240
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled,non-septate; simple pits on radial walls; storied
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  845
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  92700
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  943
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  101700
Uses  Class-1 plywood, decorative plywood, aircraft plywood, marine plywood, tool handles, artificial limbs, textile mill accessories, chess pieces, discus and carom draughts, musical, mathematical, engineering and drawing instruments, bentwood articles, handicrafts, wells & wheels, window & door frames, brushware, carts & carriages, joiner & interior fittings, masts, felloes, wagons, knaves, mine props, combs, printing and blocks.
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU