Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Dillenia indica Linn.
Trade Name  Dillenia
Local Name  Syalita
Family  Dilleniaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  15 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  60 -
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen forests in North Kerala
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellowish brown
Heartwood Colour  Light brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  640 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Twisted to interlocked
Growth Rings  Fairly distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Large to medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly solitary, occassionally in tangential or oblique pairs
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Broad to moderately broad, widely spaced; fine to very fine, closely spaced among the broad rays
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  602.6
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  86100
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  947.9
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  119500
Uses  General construction work; after treatment flush door shutters; Class I plywood; tea chests; furniture; tool handles;blackboards

College of Forestry - KAU