Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Cullenia exarillata Robyns
Trade Name  Karani
Local Name  Mullen-pali; mullen-chakka, vedipila
Family  Bombacaceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  18 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  100 -
Tree Distribution  West coast tropical evergreen and Southern hill top tropical evergreen forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Grey to brown with pinkish tinge
Heartwood Colour  Grey to brown with pinkish tinge
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Light to moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content 
Texture  Medium
Grain  Straight
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Large to medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly solitary or in radial multiples of 2, 3 rarely 4 or more
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Very fine to moderately broad
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  736.8
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  124300
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1061.8
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  145800
Uses  Flush door shutters; Class II plywood; Blackboards; furniture; tool handles; textiles mill accessories

College of Forestry - KAU