Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Cordia dichotoma Forst. f.
Trade Name 
Local Name  Viri
Family  Boraginaceae
Tree Size  Medium
Tree Height ( m )  12 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  40 -
Tree Distribution  Occasional in Moist teak bearing and Southern dry mixed deciduous forest
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Not distinct
Sapwood Colour  Yellow to olive-grey and greyish-brown
Heartwood Colour  Yellow to olive-grey and greyish-brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Light
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  525 -
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Straight to shallowly interlocked
Growth Rings  Distinct
Porosity  Semi-ring porous
Vessel Size  Very large to large
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly solitary or occasionaaly in radial or in oblique multiples of 2 or more in clusters
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Moderately broad , fairly close spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Class III plywood; building construction; packing cases and boxes; low quality furniture

College of Forestry - KAU