Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Careya arborea Roxb.
Trade Name  Kumbi
Local Name  Pezhu
Family  Barringtoniaceae
Tree Size  Small to medium
Tree Height ( m )  8 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  30 -
Tree Distribution  Southern moist mixed deciduous, Moist teak bearing and laterite thorn forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale reddish-white
Heartwood Colour  Light to dark brownish-red
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Very heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  955 -
Texture  Medium to coarse
Grain  Straight
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Large to Medium
Vessel Arrangement  Mostly solitary or in radial multiples of 2 - 4
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Fine, closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  657
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  83700
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1048
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  114900
Uses  Building construction; tool handles; poles and posts; planks for boat and oars

College of Forestry - KAU