Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr.
Trade Name  Carallia
Local Name  Vallabham, Varangu
Family  Rhizophoraceae
Tree Size  Medium to large
Tree Height ( m )  18 -
Tree Diameter ( cm )  65 -
Tree Distribution  West coast semi-evergreen and Myristica swamp forests
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale yellow
Heartwood Colour  Reddish yelow to reddish brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green 
Weight  Moderately heavy to heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content 
Texture  Coarse
Grain  Straight
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Medium
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary, short radial multiples, oblique and/or in tangential groups of 2-4
Vessel Diameter   -
Vessel Element Lenght  -
Pit Outline 
Pit Size 
Vessel Ray Pitting 
Ray Nature  Very broad, widely spaced; very fine, closely spaced between the broad rays
Ray Arrangement/Type 
Ray Number  -
Ray Height  -
Fibre Walls 
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  919.1
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  126000
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry)  1199.4
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry)  141400
Uses  Panelling and ornamental work in building construction; general purpose Class II plywood and veneers; Blackboards; low quality furniture; brushware

College of Forestry - KAU