Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Casuarina equisetifolia J.R & G.Forst
Trade Name  Casuarina
Local Name  Choolamaram,Kattadi
Family  Casuarinaceae
Tree Size  Large
Tree Height ( m )  30
Tree Diameter ( cm )  40
Tree Distribution  Native of Andaman and South East Asia
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Indistinct
Sapwood Colour  Pale brown
Heartwood Colour  Reddish brown
Hardness  Hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.83
Weight  Heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  975
Texture  Fine to medium coarse textured
Grain  Straight grained
Growth Rings  Indistinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Small to medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary,large and small sized vessels mixed together showing a tendency to oblique arrangement
Vessel Diameter   130 - 200 170
Vessel Element Lenght  320 - 865 865
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Oval
Pit Size  Medium (6-9 Ám),non-vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Alternate and pit outline oval and occurs throughout the ray cell
Ray Nature  Fine and closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  1-3 cell seriate,homogeneous,wholly made up of procumbent cells
Ray Number  8 - 11
Ray Height  415 - 1425 765
Fibre Walls  Thin to thick walled,non-septate with simple pits on radial walls
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green)  732
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green)  114400
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Poles and beams for temporary constructions, fuel wood, masts, felloes, mine props and shafts.
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU