Timbers of Kerala

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Scientific Name  Acacia mangium Willd.
Trade Name  Mangium
Local Name  Mangium
Family  Leguminosae
Tree Size  Medium sized
Tree Height ( m )  10 - 18
Tree Diameter ( cm )  60 - 70
Tree Distribution  Exotic from Australia and widely cultivated in different parts of Kerala
Sapwood-Heartwood Distinction  Distinct
Sapwood Colour  Creamy white
Heartwood Colour  Yellowish brown
Hardness  Moderately hard
Specific Gravity Based on Weight Over-dry and Volume Green  0.65
Weight  Moderately heavy
Weight(Kg)/cubic meter at 12% Moisture Content  755
Texture  Coarse textured
Grain  Straight grained
Growth Rings  Fairly distinct
Porosity  Diffuse porous
Vessel Size  Large to medium sized
Vessel Arrangement  Solitary and in radial multiples of two to three; in indistinct oblique lines
Vessel Diameter   170 - 280
Vessel Element Lenght  375 - 550 550
Perforation  Simple
Pit Outline  Polygonal to oval
Pit Size  Large(9-13Ám),non-vestured
Vessel Ray Pitting  Alternate and occurs through out the ray cell
Ray Nature  Fine, numerous and closely spaced
Ray Arrangement/Type  1-3 cell wide, homogenous
Ray Number  9 - 12
Ray Height  250 - 390
Fibre Walls  Thin, non-septate with simple pits on the radial walls
Fiber Length 
Modulus of Rupture in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Green) 
Modulus of Rupture kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Modulus of Elasticity in kg/cm2 (Dry) 
Uses  Furniture making, agricultural implements and construction purposes.
  • Tree Image
  • Timber Gross View
  • TS (100X)
  • TLS(100X)
  • RLS(100X)


College of Forestry - KAU